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Informations about dogs, Grooming Glossary | Wahl Pets

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5 Grooming Mistakes Dog Owners Make

 People are apprehensive about grooming their dogs for fear of making a mistake. Mistakes happen, and your dog will forgive you, but we’re here to give you some tips on how to avoid grappling while grooming.

 

1.     Prep to Avoid the Stress

Take a cue from the boy scouts — be prepared. Prior to bath time, get organized to reduce stress for you and your dog, for example:

  • Take him for a brisk walk to release…

Glossary

Anal glands 

glands located slightly below and on either side of the anus that release an odor during bowel movements

Anterior 

the front end of the body

Apron/Frill 

the long chest hair below the neck

Arm/Upper Arm 

the region between the shoulder and the elbow

Awn Hairs 

coarse hair in the undercoat that is longer than the rest of the undercoat, but shorter than the guard coat

Back 

the region between the loin and the withers

band shedding 

hair (typically top hair) shedding on portions of the body at a time, causing the process to take longer than block shedding

block shedding 

large portions  of the undercoat shedding at a given time

Brisket 

the lower part of the chest

Britches 

longer hairs on the upper area of the hind legs

Cape 

long thick hair on the shoulders

Carding 

technique similar to combing that is used to remove loose coat (mostly undercoat) from many dog types.

Carpals 

the wrist

Chest 

the area of the body enclosed by the ribs

Coat 

the hair covering the dog. Most dogs have an outer coat and an undercoat.

Combination Coat 

Combination of long, silky coat and short, smooth coat

Corded Coat 

Cords are made of strong top coat wrapped around a soft wooly undercoat

Crest 

the upper region of the neck

Crown 

top of the head

Curly/Wavy Coat 

Soft, curly or wavy coat

Dewclaw 

the claw that is located on the inner part of the leg, higher than the others

Dewlap 

loose skin below the neck

Double Coat 

Combination of straight and short-to moderate-length coat.  Consists of a soft undercoat and a rougher outer coat.

Drop Coat 

Long coat over the entire body

Feathering 

long hairs on the backs of the legs that may need to be detangled

Forearms 

the region of the front legs between the elbow and the pastern

Forefeet 

front feet

Furnishings 

Fur or hair extending out from the legs, neck, chest or tail

Guard Coat 

the hairs that are longer and stiffer than the undercoat that serve as protection for the dog’s skin

Hackles 

the hairs on the neck and back that raise up due to fear or anger

Hand-stripping 

A method for removing dead topcoat hairs in breeds whose topcoat does not shed naturally after the coat has blown.  This can be done with hands only or with the use of a stripping knife to aid thicker coats.  Hand-stripping should be approached with a gentle touch and should be done in smaller increments.

Heavy Coat 

Combination of long, thick, silky coat and a small amount of short, smooth coat

Hindfeet 

back feet

Hips 

the joints at the top of the hind legs

Hock 

the ankle/heel region of the dog

Loin 

the regions located on both sides of the backbone between the ribs and hips

Matting 

the topcoat, undercoat, moisture, dirt and other materials sticking together 

mosaic shedding 

random and continuous shedding

Pads 

tough soles of the feet

Pastern 

the part of the leg below the carpals (front leg) or the hock (hind leg)

Pelted 

when hair (matted) comes off in one piece 

Quick 

the vein that runs into the dog’s claws/nails

Short Coat 

Coat is close to the body and harsh to the touch

Shoulder 

the joint at the top of the front legs

Silky Coat 

Combination of long, silky coat and short, smooth coat

Smooth Coat 

Fine, short hair that is close to body

Stifle 

the knees of the dog

Stop 

the indented skull region between the eyes

Strip 

removing hair from a wire-coated dog

Thigh 

the top portion of the hind leg

Undercoat 

the soft, insulating hairs below the guard coat

Wire Coat 

Combination of soft, dense undercoat over entire body and longer guard coat

Withers 

the top of the shoulders, located behind the neck