English Springer Spaniel

English Springer Spaniel

Spaniels were once born in the same litter. Originally, smaller Cocker Spaniels, medium-sized Field Spaniels and larger Springer Spaniels were all differently-sized dogs from the same litter who were used differently in the field. They were classified by their hunting jobs instead of by breed. Eventually, hunters started to breed the dogs for size and specialized jobs. The largest, fastest and most versatile hunters became the modern Springer Spaniel, who stands up to 21 inches tall and weighs between 40 and 50 pounds.

English Springer Spaniels are incredibly active dogs who require actively involved owners who will groom, exercise and dote on them, both indoors and out.

English Springer Spaniels are versatile hunters and family dogs. They adapt easily to the activity level of their family, and they happily perform whatever task is asked of them. They are known for their pointing, retriever and flushing abilities in the field, which makes them multi-purpose hunting dogs. Because they respond to their own instincts and can run and explore for hours in the field, all English Springer Spaniels require plenty of exercise. They are seemingly tireless, happy to bound up from their beds to accompany their owners on an errand or a jog. Therefore, these dogs need lots of exercise and activity. They'll fit best into athletic, active families who won't mind exercising their dog with plenty of active play and vigorous outdoor games. If English Springer Spaniels don't tire themselves out with some high-intensity activity each day, they will become restless and overly enthusiastic indoors.

The affectionate, obsequious Springer Spaniel is an excellent family dog. They like to receive attention and affirmation from as many people as possible, so they might become a little bored as a one-person dog. English Springer Spaniels have lots of love to give, and they'll expect to receive quite a bit in return. Training should involve plenty of positive motivation and rewards. Some Springer Spaniels get so excited that they urinate submissively after meeting new friends or playing with other dogs. Help your Springer Spaniel learn to calm down by rewarding peaceful, gentle behaviors and discouraging exuberant greetings or overly enthusiastic behavior.

English Springer Spaniels have beautiful straight to wavy coats with longer feathering on their chest, stomach and legs. Dogs are bred for field work or showing. Show dogs have much longer, more abundant coats with more noticeable feathering and a deeper, richer coat. Field dogs are smaller, faster and lighter boned with a shorter coat that displays less ornamentation. Their coloring is less rich and the coat is kept shorter to avoid interference in the field.

All Springer Spaniels come in either black and white, black and liver, blue roan, liver roan or tri-color patterns. Dogs from show lines with longer hair and feathered ornamentation require quite a bit of brushing, combing, trimming and scissoring to maintain their lovely looks.   

No aspect of home dog grooming requires as much time and regular devotion as brushing. Routine brushing keeps your pet’s hair clean and tangle-free, while keeping his skin healthy by stimulating blood flow, removing dead hair and distributing natural oils.

It is best to brush most silky coated breeds several times per week, if not daily. With a combination of a long, silky coat and a short, smooth coat, they are susceptible to mats and tangles, as well as seasonal shedding. Use a slicker or pin brush to remove tangles. Follow up with a bristle brush or combination comb. When encountering matting, gently brush out without excessive pulling. Use a liquid detangler or baby oil for stubborn tangles and mats, gently massaging it into the trouble spot. Remember to brush tail and feet. When done properly, the coat should be like a natural body jacket and lay tight to the body without tangles. The coat on the top of the head should lay smoothly. A light mist of detangling spray after brushing helps remove loose fur and leaves a great shine.

All Springer Spaniels will need to be brushed with a large pin brush or metal comb at least three times a week. Brushing helps the coat lie flat and controls shedding. Begin brushing at the base of your spaniel's coat and brush thoroughly to the end of the hair. Pay special attention to areas around the face, ears and feet.

What you need

  • Slicker, bristle or steel pin brush
  • 2-in-1 comb
  • Shedding blade (for heavy shedders)
  • Liquid detangler or baby oil

With preparation, perseverance and a positive attitude, bathing can become a fun and fulfilling part of the regular grooming cycle, while helping your dog avoid many diseases and infections.

The general rule of thumb for dog bathing is every three months but it's generally best to bathe dogs with silky coats more often. The coat should end up fresh smelling, light and shiny, with no loose or shedding hair. First give the dog a good brushing to remove dead hair and mats. Place a rubber mat in the tub to provide secure footing and fill the tub with three to four inches of lukewarm water. Use a spray hose, pitcher or unbreakable cup to wet the dog, taking caution to avoid getting water in the eyes, ears and nose. Massage in pet shampoo, saving the head for last. Immediately rinse thoroughly, starting with the head to prevent soap from dripping into the eyes. Towel dry.

What you need

  • Slicker, bristle or steel pin brush
  • Dog shampoo
  • Rubber tub mat
  • Towels
  • Bathing tether (if needed)

Clipping or trimming your dog’s coat is far easier than you would ever imagine. With the right clipper, trimmer and scissors, giving your dog a haircut is easy on your wallet and your schedule.

Dogs with silky coats generally require routine hair clipping. Even though the breed standard is a long, natural coat, it is generally considered to be an easy, low-maintenance trim. Clipping lessens the chances of matting, tangles and the infestation of fleas and other pests, thus reducing the risk of skin infections. There is no set timetable. Judgment should be made on an individual basis, depending on functionality and owner preference. There are a wide array of clippers and trimmers available that will make each snip a snap. It’s a good idea to take your dog for a short walk to calm him down before you groom him. Thoroughly brush the coat to remove tangles and mats. Use clippers to trim excess fur off the dog's body, choosing the appropriate clip attachment to achieve desired length. Start with the shoulders and progress towards the tail. Always leave at least a half-inch of fur to protect the dog from the elements. Use a trimmer or a scissors to even out areas around the tail, paws, sanitary areas and chest, as needed. Groom the head and face last, being watchful for sudden movement. Clip with the flow of the fur, away from the eyes and nose.

Some owners choose to trim the hair around the head, neck, ears, tail and feet to neaten their English Springer Spaniel's appearance and help them stay comfortable.

What you need

  • Slicker, bristle or steel pin brush
  • 2-in-1 comb
  • Shedding blade (some coats)
  • Pet clipper
  • Pet trimmer

Many dog owners are apprehensive about trimming their dog’s nails because they are nervous about cutting into the quick. But with the right conditioning and careful cutting, nail clipping can be a simple, stress-free activity for you and your dog.
 
Provide your dog with plenty of positive reinforcement and even treats to help associate nail clipping with a positive experience.  As you start to clip, gently press on your dog’s paws to help him become accustomed to the feeling of having his nails clipped. Then, work gradually, shaving down just a thin portion of the nail at first to make sure you don’t reach the quick. Clip one nail, reward your dog with a treat, and stop to give him some positive reinforcement before moving on. Gradually increase the number of nails you clip in one sitting to help your dog get used to the process. Never trim extremely long nails down to a short nail in one sitting, because this is an excellent way to accidently quick the dog’s nail. Instead, work gradually, shaving small portions of your dog’s nails off each time.
 
You can tell if you’re getting close to the quick by the texture of your dog’s nail. The nail is hard closer to the surface and becomes softer as you get closer to the quick. If your dog’s nail starts to feel softer, that’s a good indication that you’re getting close to the quick.

What you need

  • Sharpened nail clipper
  • Styptic powder

Not all breeds and coat styles require routine trimming in and around the eyes and ears but all should undergo regular inspection and cleaning around these sensitive areas. Doing so will help prevent the development of infections that could seriously damage these amazing organs.

It is always important to routinely clean your dog's eyes and ears, and examine for potential infections. Silky coated breeds often have hanging pendant ears covered in feathered hair, which means their ears need to be checked weekly for infection and cleaned with a cotton ball. Gently wipe a cotton ball moistened with mineral oil, olive oil or witch hazel in your dog's ear, being careful to avoid the ear canal. Never use a Q-Tip, which could cause damage to the inner ear if your dog suddenly shakes or jerks his head. Bushy hair growth within the ear can be thinned with tweezers or blunt scissors. Use a small trimmer to trim excess hair around the eyes, ears and face.

Make sure to check their long ears routinely for debris and infection. Springer Spaniels' long, hairy pendant ears are prone to infection and their active lifestyles mean that their coats and ears can collect lots of dirt outdoors.

What you need

  • Pet trimmer
  • Blunt scissors
  • Cotton balls or soft cloth
  • Warm water
  • Mineral oil (or olive oil or witch hazel)

Many owners do not realize how important it is to brush your pet’s teeth on a regular basis. Some dogs are prone to dental problems and sensitive teeth, especially small dogs with tiny teeth and dogs with special diets. These problems can be easily combatted with frequent brushing.

Cavities are rare with dogs but gum disease caused by tartar buildup is not, which is why they require regular brushing with toothpaste and a toothbrush formulated specifically for dogs. While daily brushing is ideal, doing so on a weekly basis will be a big help in avoiding the need to bring your dog to a veterinarian for a cleaning, which usually has to be done under sedation.

What you need

  • Dog toothbrush
  • Dog toothpaste (homemade recipe of baking soda, salt and water is acceptable)